Drought is when there is abnormally low rainfall resulting in a shortage of water.
- Check all plumbing for leaks and have any leaks repaired by a plumber.
- Retrofit all household faucets by installing aerators with flow restrictors.
- Choose appliances that are more energy and water efficient.
- Consider purchasing a low-volume toilet that uses less than half the water of older models. Note: In many areas, low-volume units are required by law.
- Plant native and/or drought-tolerant grasses, ground covers, shrubs, and trees.
- Install irrigation devices that are the most water efficient for each use, such as micro and drip irrigation, and soaker hoses.
- Use mulch to retain moisture in the soil.
- Consider rainwater harvesting where practical.
- Repair sprinklers that spray a fine mist.
- Raise the lawn mower blade to at least three inches or to its highest level. A higher cut encourages grass roots to grow deeper, shades the root system, and holds soil moisture.
- Avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily.
- Avoid taking baths—take short showers—turn on water only to get wet and lather and then again to rinse off.
- Avoid letting the water run while brushing your teeth, washing your face or shaving.
- Hand wash dishes by filling two containers—one with soapy water and the other with rinse water containing a small amount of chlorine bleach.
- Store drinking water in the refrigerator.
- Avoid wasting water waiting for it to get hot. Capture it for other uses such as plant watering or heat it on the stove or in a microwave.
- Avoid over watering your lawn and water only when needed
- In extreme drought, allow lawns to die in favor of preserving trees and large shrubs.
Source: U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency